One piece of software which many Linux users benefit from is called “Wine”, which is an acronym that stands for ‘Wine Is Not an Emulator’ . This software allows some Windows programs to run under Linux, but has recently been made more powerful, to allow graphics-intensive games to run as well. The version of wine which I’ve been subscribing to is called ‘wine-staging’ , and contains the latest, bleeding-edge features that Wine is to contain, at any later point down the road.
But as I’ve been receiving updates to wine-staging, the latest update would have taken all my computers from version 4.0-rc2, to version 4.0-rc4, which means, ‘…Release Candidate 4′ . At that point, some of my computers could not install the update, because of unresolved package dependencies.
Apparently what’s been happening with Wine-Staging is twofold:
- The original maintainers are no longer running the project, which also means that Wine is in the midst of a Code Freeze, and that present updates may offer fewer or no new features, from what Linux users are used to, and
- In the interest of allowing the Windows games with the highest graphics requirements to run (potentially), the devs have nevertheless created a dependency of the latest Wine packages, on the OpenCL packages that install OpenCL natively under Linux.
‘OpenCL’ is a user-side API, which also requires system-side drivers for the specific graphics hardware, and which allows greatly parallel computations to be carried out on the GPU, instead of on the CPU. Apparently, some games use either ‘OpenCL’ or ‘CUDA’ these days, in order to incorporate complex Physics simulations into the game.
(I will assume that the version of CUDA which Wine emulates, requires OpenCL to be installed on the side of Linux.)
The problem under Debian which I’ve detected is, that the newly-introduced dependency of ‘wine-staging-amd64′ (as an example) is
Which means, that Wine will now insist on using the generic OpenCL drivers, that were developed for and by the Linux community, while not allowing the use of proprietary OpenCL drivers, that are closed-source, and that were developed by the manufacturers of each graphics card.
The problem with this is, that as users, we may only have one or the other OpenCL driver-set installed. We cannot install both the generic and the proprietary drivers. When we try to update Wine-Staging now, doing so will try to install the package above, which will also try to ‘kick out’ , any proprietary packages we may have installed, that provide OpenCL.